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History of Mosborough - David English

Forward

The publication of   "A History of Mosborough" on the Mosborough Web site, was made possible by the generosity of Mr David English of Mosborough. Some pictures from his original book have been omitted due to technical difficulties.  Some other pictures have been added by me.

AJB

 

Technical Details.

The book has been copied using "Abbey Fine Reader" OCR Software.

Spelling checked Using Microsoft FrontPage97's inbuilt Spell Checker.

Photographs were scanned in to "Adobe Photoshop 7" and optimised for the WEB with "Adobe Image Ready".

Alan J Burke (Webmaster)

 

 

Preface

Dear Reader

I am writing this history of Mosborough in response to numerous requests from the people who have been interested in the series of articles I have contributed to the Parish Magazine of St Marks over the past four years.

The early days are somewhat sketchy and a little imagination has been used here and there, particularly in the Palaeolithic period when Stone Age hunters from the Creswell Crags area no doubt hunted in the Moss Valley.

Not much is known of the Celtic Period or of the Roman occupation. Even the appearance of the Anglo-Saxons in the Dark Ages is somewhat obscure but the place names in the area ending
in "thorpe" tells us they were here in some force until the Viking invaders who came inland from the Humber estuary were finally overcome by the then dominant Saxons.

Mosborough was then in Mercia, near the border of Northumbria, but along came William the Conqueror, the Battle of Hastings which altered everything. Saxon landowners were replaced by Norman ones and the feudal system was firmly established with the Lords of the Manor being second only to King and Church.

Domesday Book followed and the village had, by then, a fairly settled existence, evidence shows that iron mining and possibly lead mining were taking place locally. Agriculture flourished and the sicklemakers were supported by the charcoal burners in the numerous woods. In the Moss Valley a series of dams provided the power for the grinding wheels. Never Fear Dam is the only one actually in Mosborough and may well be the oldest.

Pollution was not unknown in those times as it was reported in the Moss in 1697. Farming, sickle making and charcoal burning employed the majority of the work force in those days but gradually the charcoal burners gave way to the colliers working the many pits that worked the rich coal seams underground.

Steam power was soon to overtake water and wind power as the Agrarian and Industrial Revolutions progressed. In the 1800's better housing of stone and brick appeared, education and all facilities improved and a healthier nation began to emerge.

In 1914 the Great War saw many go to France and Belgium to fight- many did not return. The peace years saw much industrial strife and bitterness along with grievous poverty and unemployment. Along came the second catastrophe. World War Two in 1939. Again it took its toll of the village men, families were left fatherless and evacuees came from Sheffield and London, food was rationed but once more peace prevailed.

In the post war period up to the millennium, people began to enjoy much improved standard of living, better housing, better health care, better medical treatment and numerous labour saving devices in the house brought about by good water, gas and electricity supplies. Public transport got better, owning a car made travel easier although it must be said traffic on the road has now brought very serious problems of congestion.

Vast amounts of old property has given way to new estates, both council and private but these have taken away good farming land and lots of countryside. The small farms have disappeared as have the village shops who cannot compete with the large town shops and supermarkets.

Much has disappeared over the years and in the following pages I have tried to give a picture of the development of Mosborough from a small ancient settlement to a city development area.

David English. 1999


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